Python Linear Regression: A Guide to Supervised Learning

Illustration of linear regression model with Python programming language

EDUCBA Bridging the Gap

Last Updated on February 3, 2024 by GeeksGod

Course : Linear Regression & Supervised Learning in Python

What is Linear Regression?

Linear regression is a popular algorithm in machine learning that belongs to supervised learning. It is used to find the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. The algorithm allows us to establish the best-fit line or curve that represents this relationship. Linear regression is commonly used for analyzing large datasets and predicting the value of the dependent variable based on the values of the independent variables.

Dataset for Linear Regression

The dataset for linear regression plays a crucial role in constructing a model and analyzing a large amount of data. It consists of both the dependent and independent variables, where the dependent variable is the target variable that we want to predict, and the independent variables are the ones that influence the target variable. The dataset helps us establish a relationship between the variables and make predictions about the dependent variable. In machine learning, the dataset can be used to find the anticipated value of the dependent variable based on the values of the independent variables.

Importance of Linear Regression in Machine Learning

Linear regression is one of the most well-known and widely used algorithms in statistics and machine learning. It originated in the field of statistics, but it has gained popularity in machine learning due to its ability to model the relationship between input numerical variables and output numerical variables. The relationship between the variables can be either positive or negative. In a positive relationship, both the independent and dependent variables increase together graphically. In a negative relationship, the dependent variable decreases as the independent variable increases.

Types of Linear Regression

1. Simple Linear Regression

Simple linear regression is used when we have one independent variable to predict the value of the dependent variable. It is a straightforward method of finding the anticipated response using its simple feature.

2. Multiple Linear Regression

Multiple linear regression is employed when we have a larger dataset with multiple independent variables to predict the response value. It utilizes two or more features to make predictions and find the relationship between the variables.

Basics of Linear Regression and its Implementation

In the basics of linear regression, we aim to anticipate one variable using another variable. When we want to predict only one variable, it is called simple regression. However, when we try to predict one or more variables, it is called multiple linear regression. The dataset model has various features that make it flexible and powerful.

When implementing a simple linear regression, we consider that two variables are linearly related. The model then provides accurate values based on its features. For a given dataset with variables M and N, the model predicts the response value for each value in N based on the values in M.


Linear regression is an essential algorithm in machine learning for analyzing datasets and making predictions. It helps us establish relationships between variables and anticipate the value of the dependent variable based on the independent variables. By understanding the basics of linear regression and its implementation, we can effectively utilize this algorithm in various applications.

If you’re interested in learning more about linear regression and its implementation using Python, you can take the Python Linear Regression course on Udemy. This course provides in-depth knowledge and practical examples to enhance your skills in linear regression analysis. Enroll now for free using the coupon code FREECOURSE to avail of the discount.

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