“If I can’t have you, no one shall”-Psychology behind Acid attacks

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Acid attack survivors
Psychology behind acid attacks

Do we know what is an acid attack? we have seen several cases. All we did was (will ) spread the survivor’s face, feeling pity, and then forgetting the incident as it didn’t happen. Other than what the acid attack survivor faced (physical), the emotional trauma she faced due to society is the worst. Most of the Survivors won’t come outside without covering their affected areas, they are not ashamed, they are just concerned not to scare society. whenever people see someone with a scar they avoid them. Let’s leave all our prejudgements and begin our blog 🙂

Acid used:

In South Asia it is cheap and anyone can buy acid, even 90 % concentrated acids for bathroom uses. In India and Pakistan, it is only Rs.12 and Rs.21.Even if the acid is weak yet not diluted(mixed with water to reduce its acid nature) it is dangerous to use. The acids commonly used on survivors are Sulphuric, Hydrochloric, nitric acid. Sulphuric acid is dangerous out of all. Sulphuric acid is called the oil of vitriol.

sulpuric acid image

Acid attacks not only damage the skin it penetrates through the skin and affects the bone. Acid attacks highly reported the country is the UK but the different fact from our country is, the survivors in the UK are Men. Yes, Men are acid attacked (67%) of those are mostly due to gang violence, but globally 80% of attacks are against women and girls.

Reason behind Acid Attacks:

Gender inequality and discrimination in society is the key reason, Men acid attack women or girl once their ego got hurt. The reasons are Denial of marriage or proposal, Envious of her appearance, jealousy, suspicious mind (like an affair). Some rare reasons are social status, religious (if other religious girls study or work). They are insisting a message to the women “If you, women disobey hegemonic gender principle and norms then you are punished in a cruel manner. Its is simply having control over women

Other Reasons are those who need to be punished are not punished, they are roaming free. Though the first attack was in 1990 the law was not issued, punished it took several decades to issue a law. In 2013 issued a law against men who acid attack women. Which is Section 326 in the Indian Penal code, a minimum of 10 years imprisonment, may be extended to life imprisonment with fines. But we knew it didn’t change anything. Between 2017 and 2018 1400+ cases are reported.

Some are not even ready to believe survivors’ words. In Assam, a girl and her family are attacked by a group of men for rejecting his proposal. The family and police blamed the survivor for the acid attack.

The family blamed if it is not for her, their family won’t be “humiliated”(but there is no family without their children). When she reported to police they (too)blamed that she was attacked because of her “immoral character”. Obviously, all the factors are favoring the guilt. First, we need to support survivors than accusing her “character” since it is completely irrelevant.

How acid react with skin?

https://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/612928/Video-sulphuric-acid-skin-experiment – This link shows how it reacts with skin. When acid gets contact with the skin :

  • First, there will be a hot sensation in the affected area before starting agonizing pain
  • the skin will swell and shrivel due to chemical reaction
  • If it is concentrated acid it will penetrate through skin and affects bone(skull) leading to third or fourth-degree burn.
  • It will take four months to heal properly at that time it is important to prevent infection
  • But the scar will remain, it will cause blindness if it is not treated or if the acid is strong

First aid ;

If you encounter anyone suffering from acid attack ,after calling ambulance try the first aid:

  1. Pour water on the affected area for at least 20 mins or until the hot sensation subsides
  2. (note use clean and cold water, don’t rub with hands or any material it will make it worsen)
  3. Remove accessories and clothes, try to remove all jewelry(necklace, earring, chain) also acid-drenched cloths to avoid adverse chemical reactions
  4. Don’t apply any anti-septic cream or any cream it will delay the treatment
  5. Don’t Bandage the affected area or don’t cover the affected area with cotton or any fabrics
  6. If the eyes are affected by acids, stop the survivors from rubbing their eyes, pour clean cold water until the sensation subsides

Plastic Surgery – a boon to survivors

The skin will be destroyed or severely damaged by acid, plastic surgery giving a new life for survivors. The surgery needs several factors to determine:

  • Which location in the area gets affected acid?
  • How long the acid is in contact with the skin?
  • What acid used? whether it is concentrated or diluted?
  • How extent the acid spread in the skin?

Though we can’t get the previous face, the survivors can restart their life with a new identity. We can’t predict when will the incident happen, but we can prevent by educating gender equality, teaching how to accept the failures, rejection. Everyone has the right to choose their options in life. Let them choose it(we won’t like it when someone forces us to change our opinion right!) .Try to appreciate the inner beauty (it is the “real” beauty thou). That’s if for today

For Survivors story refer to this link https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RLDziQ8umVw&vl=en