How AI is indulgent in health activities?
Artificial intelligence in healthcare is a term used to describe the utilization of ML algorithms and software, o, to emulate human cognition in the analysis, interpretation, and comprehension of complicated medical and healthcare data. Specifically, AI is the ability of computer algorithms to approximate conclusions based solely on input data. What distinguishes AI from traditional technologies in health care sector is the ability to procure data, process it and give a defined output to the end-user. AI does this through machine learning algorithms and deep learning. These algorithms can understand patterns in behavior and create their own logic.
To gain insights and predictions, machine learning models must be trained using extensive amounts of input data. . Algorithms are literal: once a goal is set, the algorithm learns exclusively from the input data and can only understand what it has been programmed to do, and some deep learning algorithms are black boxes; algorithms can predict with extreme precision, but offer little to no explanation to the logic behind its decisions aside from the data and type of algorithm used.
Medical and technological advancements occurring over this half-century period that have enabled the growth healthcare-related applications of AI include:
- Improvements in computing power resulting in faster data collection and data processing
- Growth of genomic sequencing databases
- Widespread implementation of electronic health record systems
- Improvements in natural language processing and computer vision, enabling machines to replicate human perceptual processes
- Enhanced the precision of robot-assisted surgery
AI in the radiology field detects and diagnoses diseases within patients through Computerized Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance (MR) Imaging. The focus on AI in radiology has rapidly increased in recent years .A study at Stanford created an algorithm that could detect pneumonia in patients with a better average F1 metric , than radiologists involved in the trial. Through imaging in oncology, AI has been able to serve well for detecting abnormalities and monitoring changes over time; two key factors in oncological health. Many companies and vendor neutral systems such as icometrix, QUIBIM, Robovision, and UMC Utrecht’s IMAGRT have become available to provide a trainable ml platform to detect a wide range of diseases. Many professionals are optimistic about the future of AI processing in radiology, as it will cut down on required interaction time and allow doctors to see more patients.
Advancements in NLP led to the development of algorithms to recognize drug interactions in medical feild. Drug-drug interactions risks a threat to those who take multiple medications . To address the difficulty of tracking all known drug-drug interactions, creating of ml methods to extract information is important. Efforts were consolidated in 2013 in a Challenge, in which a team of researchers assembled a corpus of literature on drug-drug interactions to form a standardized test for such algorithms. Competitors were tested on their ability to accurately determine which drugs were shown to interact and what characteristics of their interactions were. .Other algorithms recollect drug-drug interactions from patterns in user-generated content, especially electronic health records and/or adverse event reports. Organizations allow doctors to submit reports of possible negative reactions to medications. Developing of Deep learning algorithms to detect patterns that imply drug-drug interactions.
Telemedicine as a synonym, to describe remote clinical services, such as diagnosis and monitoring. When rural settings, lack of transport, a lack of mobility, decreased funding, or a lack of staff restrict access to care, telehealth may bridge the gap.as well as provider distance-learning; meetings, supervision, and presentations between practitioners; online information and health data management and healthcare system integration. Telehealth could include two clinicians discussing a case over video conference; a robotic surgery occurring through remote access; physical therapy done via digital monitoring instruments, live feed and application combinations; forwarding of tests between facilities for interpretation by a higher specialist; home monitoring through continuous sending of patient health data; client to practitioner online conference; or even videophone interpretation during a consult.